The impact of bacterial contamination (Waterborne Infectious Diseases) in flood water in Saudi Arabia/ the impact of water draining system on Microbial infection risk of flood.

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The impact of bacterial contamination (Waterborne Infectious Diseases) in flood water in Saudi Arabia/ the impact of water draining system on Microbial infection risk of flood.

Project Proposal:

the impact of bacterial contamination (Waterborne Infectious Diseases) in flood water in Saudi Arabia/ the impact of water draining system on Microbial infection risk of flood.

Lay summery and a description:

the rain flood incident occurred in Riyadh Saudi Arabia and also flash floods in the Red Sea port of Jeddah killed 123 people in 2009 and 10 in 2011. The Department of Health Affairs has warned people against infections that might spread from waterlogged areas in flooded neighbourhoods, the department also warned against drinking water stored in belowground or ground level cisterns because they were likely to be contaminated by the floodwater.

However, the Saudi authorities have been criticized in the past for lack of preparedness in coping with flooding. The inability of Riyadh and jeddah infrastructure to drain off flood waters and uncontrolled construction in and around these city’s case standing waters pose, this it itself caused various risks, including infectious diseases, Eating or drinking anything contaminated by floodwater can cause diarrheal disease, open wounds and rashes exposed to flood waters can become infected and floodwaters may have moved hazardous chemical containers of solvents or other industrial chemicals from their normal storage places. it is imperative to have knowledge on the situation with regard to the occurrence and spread of human pathogens in waterlogged areas in flooded neighbourhoods. This knowledge needs to be updated continuously so that appropriate responses can be prepared.

Areas of Future Research and Development.

Mainly Looking at:

1. The interaction between draining, water management and water related disease and their vectors.

2. Water-born excreta related infections.

3. Health risks and chemical pollution, infection diseases

4. Integrated control of transmission of vector-brone disease.

5. Environmental management measures in draining water management

6. Development of control strategies.

7. Water Sampling Strategies and Culture Techniques for Detecting Special Pathogen. Microbiologic Sampling of the flood water, and also flood soil. To determine the presence, type, count of bacterial contamination of water.

8. forms of treatment needed to be done before consumption. looking at Principles of Cleaning and Disinfecting Environmental Surfaces.

9. Looking at Recommendations for Waterborne Infection Control in Saudi Arabia, Microbial Control Strategies, for Controlling Waterborne Contamination. Flood water sources, assess quality, and sanitation systems (Water Distribution Systems) hygiene aspects in Saudi Arabia.

10. highlighting the current limitations and also possible future developments.


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