Human rights

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  1. Do you think that governments should consider human rights when granting preferential trading rights to countries? What are the arguments for and against taking such a position?

 

 

  1. Whose interests should be the paramount concern of government trade policy—the interests of producers (businesses and their employees) or those of consumers?

 

 

  1. Given the arguments relating to the new trade theory and strategic trade policy, what kind of trade policy should business be pressuring government to adopt?

 

 

  1. You are an employee of an U.S. firm that produces personal computers in Thailand and then exports them to the United States and other countries for sale. The personal computers were originally produced in Thailand to take advantage of relatively low labor costs and a skilled workforce. Other possible locations considered at that time were Malaysia and Hong Kong. The U.S. government decides to impose punitive 100% ad valorem tariffs on imports of computers from Thailand to punish the country for administrative trade barriers that restrict U.S. exports to Thailand. How do you think your firm should respond? What does this tell you about the use of targeted trade barriers?

 

 

  1. In 2008, inward FDI accounted for some 63.7% of gross fixed capital formation in Ireland, but only 4.1% in Japan (gross fixed capital formation refers to investments in fixed assets such as factories, warehouses, and retail stores). What do you think explains this difference in FDI inflows into the two countries?

 

 

  1. Compare and contrast these explanations of FDI: internalization theory and Knickerbocker’s theory of FDI. Which theory do you think offers the best explanation of the historical pattern of FDI? Why?

 

 

 

  1. What are the strengths of the eclectic theory of FDI? Can you see any shortcomings? How does the eclectic theory influence management practice?

 

 

  1. You are the international manager of a US business that has just developed a revolutionary new personal computer that can perform the same functions as existing PCs but costs only half as much to manufacture. Several patents protect the unique design of this computer. Your CEO has asked you to formulate a recommendation for how to expand into Western Europe. Your options are (a) to export from the US, (b) to license a European firm to manufacture and market the computer in Europe, and (c) to set up a wholly owned subsidiary in Europe. Evaluate the pros and cons of each alternative and suggest a course of action to your CEO.

 

 

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